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Vacation in Chicago

Chicago is located in the state of Illinois and has a lot of culture to offer as well as great sights and interesting destinations. So if you’re planning a trip to Chicago, you’ve come to the right place!

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Vacation in Chicago

You can find plenty to do in Chicago whether you are looking for a funfilled family vacation, a romantic getaway, or a chance to explore a new city. Located in the Midwest, Chicago is known for its Windy City nickname, its skyscrapers, and its deepdish pizza.

One of the most popular tourist destinations in the United States, Chicago is a city that has something for everyone. From art and museums to shopping and dining, you can find it all in the Windy City. And with so many different neighborhoods to explore, you could spend days just meandering around and taking in the sights and sounds of this Midwestern metropolis.

If you are looking for a little culture on your vacation, Chicago is home to some of the best museums in the country. The Art Institute of Chicago is one of the most renowned museums in the world, and is a mustsee for any art lover. The Museum of Science and Industry is also a popular attraction, and is perfect for those traveling with kids.

For a more active vacation, head to Millennium Park to walk or bike along the lakefront, or try your hand at kayaking or standup paddleboarding. Chicago also has a great network of parks and trails perfect for a summer picnic or a leisurely stroll.

No matter what kind of vacation you are looking for, you will find it in Chicago. From family fun to romantic getaways, the Windy City has something for everyone.

Sights in Chicago

There is so much to see and do in Chicago that it can be overwhelming for firsttime visitors. The key is to priorities and plan ahead. Start by making a list of the mustsees, then map out a plan of action. Purchase a city pass or take advantage of free days and discounted admission times. Get up early to beat the crowds and enjoy some quiet time at top attractions. Visit iconic sites like Navy Pier, Millennium Park, and The Art Institute of Chicago. Or spend a day exploring the neighborhoods – shopping on Michigan Avenue, checking out the architecture, or dining in Chinatown. No matter what you do, you’ll be sure to have a great time in this vibrant city.

History of Chicago

Chicago, on Lake Michigan in Illinois, is among the largest cities in the U.S. Famed for its bold architecture, it has a skyline bristling with skyscrapers such as the iconic John Hancock Center, sleek Willis Tower and neoGothic Tribune Tower. The city is also renowned for its museums, including the Art Institute of Chicago with its noted Impressionist and PostImpressionist works.

The site of Chicago was first discovered by Frenchman Louis Jolliet and Jesuit priest Jacques Marquette in 1673. They found the area inhabited by the Miami, Sauk and Fox Indian tribes. In 1795, the area was claimed by the United States as part of the Northwest Territory. The small community that grew up around Fort Dearborn became known as Chicagoua, which is thought to have derived from a Miami Indian word meaning “wild onion” or “wild garlic.”

In 1803, the United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France, which included presentday Chicago. The small village grew quickly after the 1848 establishment of the Erie Canal and the arrival of railroads in the 1850s. Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837. The population soared from 109,000 in 1850 to more than 1 million by 1890.

During the second half of the 19th century, Chicago became a major transportation and commercial hub. The first public pipeline bringing Chicago natural gas from Pennsylvania was completed in 1849. The city’s wellsituated port and railroads allowed Chicago businesses to ship their goods nationwide. The Union Stockyards, opened in 1865 on the city’s Southwest Side, became the world’s largest livestock market. Combined with the city’s many meatpacking and processing plants, Chicago earned the nickname “Hog Butcher for the World.”

In October 1871, a fire destroyed nearly onethird of the city, including some 17,450 buildings. The disaster sparked a building boom, and by the end of the 19th century, Chicago boasted some of the world’s tallest buildings, including the Home Insurance Building, completed in 1884, and the Tacoma Building, completed in 1889.

In 1893, Chicago hosted the World’s Columbian Exposition to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus’ arrival in the New World. Nearly 27 million people from around the globe visited the fair, which featured nearly 200 new buildings, many of which were designed in the BeauxArts style. After the fair, many of the buildings were dismantled and moved to different parts of the city. The fairgrounds became home to the famous Field Museum of Natural History.

During the first half of the 20th century, Chicago continued to grow rapidly. The opening of the Panama Canal in 1914 made Chicago the leading port of the Midwest. New technology and heavy industry came to the city during World War I, and by the 1920s Chicago had become a major center for the manufacturing of automobiles, steel and other products.

The Great Depression of the 1930s brought hard times to Chicago, but the city again rebounded during World War II, when it once again became a major manufacturing center. After the war, the city continued to grow, attracting many new residents from the southern United States as well as from other countries. By the 1990s, Chicago was once again towering over other American cities in size, wealth and influence.

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