Besides great sights, an interesting history and many exciting destinations, Carlisle has a lot more to offer. Here you will find many helpful tips to enjoy your vacation in Carlisle.
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Sights in Carlisle
Carlisle is a historic city located in the northwest of England. The city is situated within the county of Cumbria, and lies on the River Petteril, approximately 10 miles (16 km) south of the Scottish border. Carlisle is the administrative centre of the county, and has a population of approximately 107,000 people.
The city has a long and rich history, dating back to the Roman presence in Britain. The city was an important strategic location for the Romans, due to its position on the northern frontier of their empire. The Roman settlement of Carlisle was known as Luguvallum, and the remains of the Roman fort can still be seen in the city centre.
Following the Roman withdrawal from Britain, the city came under the control of the AngloSaxons. In 1092, William II of England invaded Scotland, and as a result Carlisle was captured by the Scots. The city changed hands several times over the next few centuries, before finally being recaptured by the English in 1322.
Carlisle Cathedral is one of the main tourist attractions in the city. The cathedral dates back to the 12th century, and is home to the tomb of Mary, Queen of Scots. The castle is another popular tourist destination, and is one of the largest castles in England. The castle was built by William II of England, and has been used as a prison since the 16th century.
The city also has a number of museums and art galleries, including the Tullie House Museum, which is dedicated to the history of Carlisle and Cumbria. The city also has a thriving cultural scene, with a number of live music venues and theatres.
If you are visiting Carlisle, there are a number of accommodation options available. There are a number of hotels in the city centre, as well as bed and breakfast establishments. There are also a number of camping and caravan sites located on the outskirts of the city.
History of Carlisle
Carlisle is a city and the county town of Cumbria. In the north of England, Carlisle is the administrative centre for the county of Cumbria and has a population of 107,524. The site of Carlisle has been occupied since Roman times and was an important strategic settlement on Hadrian’s Wall during the Middle Ages. In the 12th century, Henry I founded a new town to the west of the existing settlement in order to consolidate royal power and better defend the border against Scottish raids.
The new town grew rapidly and by the end of the 13th century, it was the second largest town in England after London. However, its importance as a strategic frontier post declined during the 14th century as the English began to lose control of Scotland. In the aftermath of the Battle of Hexham in 1464, many of the town’s residents were hanged, drawn and quartered by the victorious Scots.
In 1568, Mary, Queen of Scots crossed the River Eden into England at Carlisle on her way to meet Elizabeth I in London. It was here that Mary was captured and imprisoned before being taken to Fotheringhay Castle in Northamptonshire and executed.
During the English Civil War, Carlisle changed hands several times. It first fell to the Parliamentarians in 1644 but was recaptured by the Royalists in 1645. The Parliamentarians retook the city in 1648 but it was once again captured by the Royalists in 1651. The final battle of the civil war in England took place just outside Carlisle at Winceby in 1651.
In the 18th century, Carlisle continued to be an important staging post on the London to Glasgow coaching route. The arrival of the railways in the 19th century resulted in further growth and prosperity for the city.
Today, Carlisle is a thriving commercial centre with a diverse economy. It is home to a number of large employers including BAE Systems, the UK headquarters of GlaxoSmithKline, and the essential worker accommodation provider HomeServe. The city is also a popular tourist destination with a number of historic buildings and attractions, including Carlisle Castle, Hadrian’s Wall, and the Lake District National Park.
Vacation in Carlisle
Carlisle is a city located in the county of Cumbria in North West England. The city’s history dates back to the Roman era, when it was known as Luguvalium. Carlisle has a population of 107,524 (2011 census), making it the largest settlement in Cumbria. The City of Carlisle is the district administrative centre and its only city.
The city is located at the confluence of the rivers Eden, Caldew and Petteril, 10 miles (16 km) south of the Scottish border. Its strategic position between England and Scotland has made it an important military stronghold throughout the centuries, and Carlisle Castle has been the scene of many historical episodes.
Today, Carlisle is a thriving market town and tourist destination. It is home to a number of attractions including Carlisle Cathedral, Carlisle Castle, Hadrian’s Wall and Tullie House Museum. The city centre is pedestrianised and there are several parks and gardens to enjoy. Carlisle is also a convenient base for exploring the Lake District and North Pennines.
There is a wide range of accommodation available in Carlisle, from camping and caravan sites to hotels and selfcatering apartments.
For those interested in outdoors activities, the Lake District National Park is within easy reach. Walkers can enjoy the scenic beauty of the fells, while climbers and mountaineers can take on the challenge of England’s highest mountain, Scafell Pike. Water sports enthusiasts can enjoy canoeing, kayaking, sailing and windsurfing on the lakes and rivers in the area.
For those preferring a more leisurely pace, Carlisle offers a variety of shops, restaurants, museums and other attractions. The Tullie House Museum is a great place to learn about the city’s history, while art lovers will enjoy the diverse range of exhibitions on display at Carlisle’s Tullie House Gallery. The city also has a number of interesting churches, including Carlisle Cathedral, which is one of the largest in the country.
Whatever your interests, Carlisle is an ideal place to enjoy a relaxing break or an actionpacked holiday.
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