Besides great sights, an interesting history and many exciting destinations, Wales has a lot more to offer. Here you will find many helpful tips to enjoy your vacation in Wales.
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Sights in Wales
The City of Wales is a beautiful and historic place located in the southern part of England. The city has many different tourist attractions, and one can easily spend several days exploring all that Wales has to offer.
Some of the top sights in the city include the following:
1. Cardiff Castle – This castle is a medieval fortification that was first built in the 11th century. It has been extensively remodeled over the centuries, and today it is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Wales. Visitors can tour the castle grounds, which include the castle keep, towers, and walls.
2. National Museum Cardiff – This museum is the largest and most visited museum in Wales. It houses a collection of art, archaeology, and natural history, as well as a Planetarium.
3. St. David’s Cathedral – This cathedral is the mother church of the Church in Wales and is the final resting place of Saint David, the patron saint of Wales. The cathedral is located in the historic city center, and visitors can take a tour of the building and learn about its history.
4. Caernarfon Castle – This castle is a medieval fortification located in the northern part of Wales. It was built by Edward I in the 13th century as part of his efforts to conquer Wales. Today, the castle is a popular tourist attraction, and visitors can explore the castle grounds and walls, as well as the towers and chambers.
5. Snowdonia National Park – This national park is located in the north of Wales and is home to Snowdon, the highest mountain in Wales. The park also features many other attractions, such as lakes, forests, and hiking trails.
History of Wales
Bounded by England to the east and the Irish Sea to the west, Wales is a country rich in Celtic culture with its own language, music and mythology. Although Wales was conquered by the Romans, Saxons and Normans, it has retained its unique identity.
The history of Wales begins with the Celts, a people who arrived in Britain from mainland Europe around 600 BC. They settled in small villages and farmed the land. The Celts were divided into tribes, the largest of which were the Silures and the Ordovices.
The Romans conquest of Wales began in AD 48 when Julius Caesar invaded Britain. The Romans built roads and forts across Wales and the country became part of the Roman Empire. However, the Romans never conquered the whole of Wales and the western part of the country remained free.
The Romans left Britain in 410 AD and the country was soon invaded by the Saxons, a Germanic people. The Saxons advanced westwards, driving the Celts into the mountains of Wales. By the seventh century, Wales was divided into small kingdoms, each ruled by a powerful family or clan.
In 1066, William the Conqueror, the Duke of Normandy, invaded England and became king. The Normans advanced into Wales and built castles to control the country. In 1282, the last Welsh prince, Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, was killed in battle and Wales was annexed by England.
The Welsh rebelled against English rule several times in the Middle Ages but they were always defeated. In 1536, the Act of Union was passed, making Wales a part of England.
The Welsh continued to fight for their independence and in the late eighteenth century, there was a serious uprising known as the Welsh Rebellion of 1797. However, the rebels were defeated and Wales remained part of England.
In the nineteenth century, the Industrial Revolution transformed Wales. Coal mines and iron foundries were built in the south Wales valleys and the country became an important part of the British Empire.
Today, Wales is a part of the United Kingdom. Although it has been greatly influenced by England, Wales has retained its own unique identity.
Vacation in Wales
As the largest country in the United Kingdom, England is home to a variety of landscapes and attractions. From the uninhabitable island of Islay to the lively seaside town of Brighton, there’s something for everyone in England. And while most people think of London when they think of England, there’s so much more to see in this historic country.
One place that often gets overlooked is Wales. This small country is nestled between England and Ireland and is known for its gorgeous scenery and friendly people. While Wales is often considered a part of England, it’s actually a separate country with its own language and culture.
Wales is the perfect place for a relaxing vacation. The countryside is dotted with picturesque villages and rolling hills. There are also plenty of opportunities for outdoor activities like hiking, biking, and fishing. And of course, no trip to Wales would be complete without visiting at least one of its many castles.
If you’re looking for a slower paced vacation, Wales is the perfect destination. Sit back, relax, and enjoy all that this beautiful country has to offer.
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