Oregon City is located in the state of Oregon and has a lot of culture to offer as well as great sights and interesting destinations. So if you’re planning a trip to Oregon City, you’ve come to the right place!
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Vacation in Oregon City
Oregon City is a vibrant city located in the beautiful state of Oregon. The city offers a wide array of vacation possibilities for visitors, ranging from outdoor activities to cultural experiences.
Situated at the confluence of the Willamette and Clackamas Rivers, Oregon City is a great place to enjoy the outdoors. The city is home to a number of parks and trails, perfect for hiking, biking, and picnicking. For those looking for a more adventurous experience, Oregon City also offers river rafting and kayaking.
In addition to its natural beauty, Oregon City is also rich in history and culture. The city is home to a number of museums, historic sites, and art galleries. Visitors can learn about the city’s past at the Oregon City Museum or take a selfguided tour of the historic downtown district.
Whether you’re looking for a relaxing getaway or an actionpacked vacation, Oregon City has something to offer. Come and explore all this vibrant city has to offer!
Sights in Oregon City
Oregon City is the county seat of Clackamas County, Oregon, United States, about 25 miles (40 km) south of Portland. Established in 1842 by the Hudson’s Bay Company, Oregon City was the first U.S. city west of the Rocky Mountains to be incorporated. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 31,859.
Oregon City is located on the Willamette River near its southernmost point, where the river flows out of the Cascade Range and into the Portland Basin.
The downtown area and its adjacent neighborhoods lie along the riverbanks and hillsides just above river level. The city limits extend eastward across deep ravines to the top of a ridge above the Willamette opposite Champoeg State Park, about 30 miles (48 km) upstream of its mouth on the Columbia River.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.67 square miles (38.1 km2), of which 14.33 square miles (37.1 km2) is land and 0.34 square miles (0.88 km2) is water.
Most of Oregon City lies within the Clackamas River Watershed. The Willamette River, which flows through Oregon City, forms the boundary between Clackamas and Multnomah Counties.
The city is approximately 50 miles (80 km) east of the Oregon Coast. It is also about 35 miles (56 km) upstream of Portland, and about 30 miles (48 km) south of the confluence of the Willamette with the Columbia River.
Oregon City was founded in 1829 by Dr. John McLoughlin of the Hudson’s Bay Company. It was the first American settlement west of the Rockies.
In 1842, the town was officially incorporated by the Legislative Assembly of the Oregon Territory. It was the first city incorporated west of the Rocky Mountains.
Oregon City was the site of the Oregon Trail’s end, where settlers from the eastern United States arrived in covered wagons. It was also the site of the first U.S. federal post office west of the Rocky Mountains. The city is home to the McLoughlin House, which is now a National Historic Site.
The Clackamas Indians inhabited the Oregon City area prior to the arrival of the white settlers in the early 1800s. The first documented encounter between the Clackamas and the white settlers occurred in 1782, when a group of fur trappers from the North West Company stopped at the falls of the Willamette River.
In 1806, the Lewis and Clark Expedition entered the Willamette Valley, spending the winter at Fort Clatsop, just south of presentday Oregon City.
In 1811, John McLoughlin, the Chief Factor of the Hudson’s Bay Company at Fort Vancouver, was dispatched to the Willamette Valley. He settled at Willamette Falls, where he built a log cabin that would later become known as McLoughlin House.
At the time, the Willamette River was the only practical way to reach the Oregon Country from the East. Because of this, Oregon City became the start or end point for many of the journeys across the Oregon Trail.
As more and more settlers arrived in Oregon City, tensions began to rise between the white settlers and the Clackamas Indians. In 1847, these tensions came to a head when a group of white settlers, led by Cornelius Gilliam, began engaging in a series of raids on Indian villages in the Willamette Valley.
In response, a band of about 700 Clackamas Indians, led by chief Tyee, attacked Oregon City. After a twoday battle, the Indians were defeated and driven out of the city.
During the 1850s and 1860s, Oregon City was a center of the Oregon Underground Railroad. runaway slaves from the American South were smuggled into the city, where they could find shelter and safety.
In 1844, McLoughlin built a gristmill and sawmill on the Willamette River, near the presentday site of the Oregon City Municipal Elevator. These mills were some of the first industries in the city, and helped to spur the city’s growth.
In the early 1900s, Oregon City became known for its paper mills and hydroelectric power plant. The city was also home to the Willamette Woolen Mills, one of the largest woolen mills in the country.
By the mid1900s, however, the city’s industries began to decline. The paper mills and woolen mills closed, and the hydroelectric power plant was dismantled.
In recent years
History of Oregon City
Oregon City is the county seat of Clackamas County, Oregon, United States, about 19 miles (31 km) south of Portland. Established in 1829 by the Hudson’s Bay Company, in 1844 it became the first U.S. city west of the Rocky Mountains to be incorporated. The city overlooking the Willamette River near its confluence with the McLoughlin River was the historic end of the Oregon Trail. It was established by Hudson’s Bay Company trappers and missionaries as the last stop on the trail before reaching the valley of the Willamette River and Fort Vancouver.
In 1846, the city was the site of a treaty between the United States and the United Kingdom, signed under an elm tree at Abernethy Green. It was here that Oregon’s first newspaper, The Spectator, was established in 1846. Oregon City was the home of the first public school (1847) and of the first Library Association west of the Rockies (1850). The improvident actions of the Town Board in issuing ^6,000 in scrip in payment for work on a new courthouse led to the bankruptcy of the city in 1851. Oregon was admitted to the Union in 1859.
During the early 1860s Oregon City served as the capital of the Oregon Territory. In 1862 the territorial legislature met in the Methodist Episcopal Church, now known as Barclay Manor. For a time, the capital was moved to Salem, but as the WennerGren foundation laid out an ambitious plan for making Oregon City the principal metropolis of the Northwest, the territorial capital soon returned. The donation of a block of property from monthly meetings of the Friends (Quakers) allowed Oregon City to replace Salem as the territorial capital in 1866. The territorial government moved into Oregon City’s Masonic Hall, which now serves as the Oregon City Elks Lodge No. 1182. The rebuilding of the courthouse on Seventh Street was completed in 1870 and the territorial legislature met there until Oregon became a state.
In 1854, Oregon City was selected as the county seat of newly created Clackamas County. Main Street follows the path of the original Barlow Road to Oregon City. In 1881, the Oregon City Water Company began bringing city water up from Willamette Falls via a 22mile (35 km) pipe called the Oregon City Pipeline, replaced in 1912 by a gravity pipeline. A major fire leveled a large portion of downtown Oregon City in August 1903, leading to a major reconstruction effort.
Since the late 20th century, several Oregon City neighborhoods have been designated Historic Districts by the National Register of Historic Places, including iThe McLoughlin District (1997), Barclay Park (2000), the Mt. Pleasant, Viola, WarnerMilne, Lownsdale, and Abernethy neighborhoods (all 2001), and the Holmes, Crow’s Nest, and Stevens Crescent Neighborhoods (2004). The Downtown/Main Street Historic District was added in 2010. Oregon City is home to several museums including the Museum of the Oregon Territory, the End of the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center, and the StevensCrescent National Historic District Visitor Center. The city is also home to a number of historic cemeteries including the Mountain View Cemetery, Serenity Memorial Gardens, and Willamette Memorial Park.
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