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Vacation in Orange (New Jersey)
Orange is a town in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the town’s population was 30,134, making it the 14thmost populous municipality in New Jersey. Orange was initially incorporated as a township on November 27, 1806, and was reincorporated as a town on January 31, 1860, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier. It derives its name from William III of Orange, who was the Prince of Orange from 1650 until his death in 1702.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2), all of it land.
The town is located about 20 miles (32 km) west of Manhattan and about 8 miles (13 km) east of Newark. It is surrounded by the adjacent towns of West Orange to the west, East Orange to the east and south, South Orange to the southwest, and Livingston to the northwest.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 30,134 people, 11,059 households, and 7,018 families residing in the town. The population density was 7,858.3 per square mile (3,037.3/km2). There were 11,734 housing units at an average density of 3,088.6 per square mile (1,186.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 44.20% (13,371) White, 36.40% (10,953) Black or African American, 0.29% (88) Native American, 2.71% (815) Asian, 0.05% (16) Pacific Islander, 13.65% (4,117) from other races, and 2.60% (786) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33.46% (10,132) of the population.
There were 11,059 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.4% were married couples living together, 21.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were nonfamilies. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.33.
In the town, the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.3 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 90.5 males.
The Census Bureau’s 20062010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflationadjusted dollars) median household income was $43,415 (with a margin of error of +/ $1,674) and the median family income was $51,131 (+/ $1,985). Males had a median income of $42,257 (+/ $2,358) versus $31,790 (+/ $946) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,498 (+/ $858). About 24.4% of families and 26.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.0% of those under age 18 and 16.1% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 29,348 people, 10,687 households, and 6,908 families residing in the town. The population density was 7,720.5 people per square mile (2,981.3/km˛). There were 11,145 housing units at an average density of 2,905.7 per square mile (1,122.8/km˛). The racial makeup of the town was 50.54% White, 34.86% African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.68% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 9.21% from other races, and 3.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.62% of the population.
There were 10,687 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.8% were married couples living together, 22.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were nonfamilies. 26.9%
Sights in Orange (New Jersey)
Orange is a city located in Essex County, New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city’s population was 30,134, representing a decline of 2,734 (8.3%) from the 32,868 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 952 (2.8%) from the 33,820 counted in the 1990 Census. It is the county seat of Essex County. Orange was originally incorporated as a township on November 27, 1806, from portions of Newark Township. On April 13, 1872, it was reincorporated as a city. Orange is often described as a “bedroom community” with many residents commuting to work in New York City or Newark.
The city is home to several historical landmarks, such as the Thomas Jefferson Elementary School (which is on the National Register of Historic Places), the First Presbyterian Church of Orange (which is also on the National Register of Historic Places), and the Forest Hill Neighborhood Clubhouse. The Chapel of the Immaculate Conception, designed by Edward Doran Taylor, was featured in the film The Godfather and is the oldest Catholic church in Orange.
In addition to being the county seat, Orange is also home to Branch Brook Park, which is the oldest county park in the United States and is on the National Register of Historic Places. The park is well known for its annual Cherry Blossom Festival, which is the largest in the nation and attracts over 100,000 visitors each year.
The city is also home to the New Jersey State Museum, which is the state’s second largest museum. The museum features exhibitions on the state’s history, art, and culture. The museum also houses a planetarium, a theater, and a library.
Orange is located in the 6th Congressional district and is represented by Democrat Frank Pallone.
History of Orange (New Jersey)
Orange is a city located in Essex County, New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city’s population was 30,134, representing an increase of 2,591 (+9.4%) from the 27,543 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,622 (+10.5%) from the 24,921 counted in the 1990 Census.
Orange was originally incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 27, 1806, from portions of Newark. Portions of the township were taken to form Livingston (April 14, 1814), Bloomfield (April 11, 1812) and West Orange (April 10, 1863). On January 31, 1860, Orange was reincorporated as a town, and on April 3, 1872, it was reincorporated as a city.
The city derives its name from William III of England or William IV, Prince of Orange.
Originally referred to as “Newark Mountain”, the Oracle of Delphi was said to have named the area Orange due to the superiority of its soil.
During the American Revolutionary War, many battles were fought in or near Orange, including the Battle ofiron” because of the abundance of ore in the area.
During the early 19th century, Orange became increasingly populated, particularly after 1806 when the Morris Canal was constructed through the eastern portion of the town. In 1872, construction began on the first railroad line to run through Orange, the Newark and New York Railroad.
Orange grew rapidly during the late 19th century and early 20th century, particularly after the construction of the Erie Railroad in 1891. At the turn of the 20th century, Orange was a heavily industrialized city and a leading manufacturer of locomotives. The Essex County Courthouse, designed by Cass Gilbert and built in 1907, is an example of BeauxArts architecture, and a guiding influence on Gilbert’s later work on the U.S. Supreme Court Building in Washington, D.C.
In addition to manufacturing, the city had a vibrant downtown with stores, restaurants, and theaters. The since demolished S canton Theatre, located on Main Street, was one of the leading vaudeville venues in the country.
The Great Depression caused a decline in the city’s fortunes, and many factories closed. The city’s population dwindled from a peak of over 85,000 in 1930 to just over 40,000 by 1950.
However, the city began to experience a resurgence in the 1970s, due in part to the construction of the Garden State Parkway through the city. In the 1980s and 1990s, the city’s Main Street underwent a revitalization, with the addition of new shops and restaurants.
In recent years,Orange has experienced a further resurgence, driven in part by investment in the city’s downtown by developers and local business owners. Several new residential developments have been completed or are currently under construction.
The history of Orange is reflective of the history of NJ itself. settlement by the Dutch in the 1600s, development as an agricultural community, industrialization in the late 1800s and early 1900s, decline in the mid20th century, and finally a return to prosperity in the late 20th century and early 21st century.
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