Besides great sights, an interesting history and many exciting destinations, Jarrow has a lot more to offer. Here you will find many helpful tips to enjoy your vacation in Jarrow.
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Sights in Jarrow
Jarrow is a town in North East England, on the south bank of the River Tyne. It is historically part of County Durham, but since 1974 it has been part of the Metropolitan Borough of South Tyneside within the county of Tyne and Wear. It was an important centre of early AngloSaxon Christianity and was the site of the Jarrow Crusade of 664. Today Jarrow is a relatively affluent town that has undergone significant regeneration over the past decade.
The main sights in Jarrow are the 7th century St Paul’s Church and the Jarrow Cross, both of which are located in the town centre. St Paul’s Church is the only remaining AngloSaxon building in Jarrow and is thought to be the oldest church building still in use in England. The Jarrow Cross is a replica of the original cross that was erected outside the church to commemorate the Jarrow Crusade.
Other notable sights in Jarrow include the Bede Museum, which is dedicated to the life and works of the 8th century monk and historian Bede, who was born in the town; and the MonkwearmouthJarrow Abbey, a ruined Benedictine monastery that is a World Heritage Site.
History of Jarrow
In the 7th century, Bede recorded three churches in the town, dedicated to Saint Paul, Saint Peter and Saint Andrew. This was one Monasterium, a double monastery of men and women.
The Tower of Bede, Jarrow
The church of Saint Paul was probably founded in 627 by Abbess Hilda, when she arrived in Jarrow with 12 monks and 3 nuns from Hartlepool. Saint Peter’s Church was then founded, also by Abbess Hilda, a little later in 633. Both were within the lands of the Monkwearmouth monastery.
In 664 Saint Wilfrid, Archbishop of York, consecrated a new stone church, which took the place of Saint Paul’s. The Abbey of Saint Peter at WearmouthJarrow was a daughterhouse of Lindisfarne, and in 676 Lindisfarne was plundered by the Vikings. This was followed in 698 by the destruction of all buildings except the church at Jarrow, which suffered only looting and injury to the roof.
After the Synod of Whitby some monks from Lindisfarne migrated to Streonshalh (Whitby), and Jarrow became the principal seat of the monastic community. The wearmouthJarrow Abbey was developed into an AngloSaxon cathedral in about 700, and in the following century, Jarrow became the site of a noted scriptorium where Bede and others produced illuminated manuscripts.
Within Monica’s Bar, remains have been found of an Anglian settlement which existed preViking. This arose after the Anglian princess, Aethelfrith, married Edwin, King of Northumbria. Their eldest son Oswald gave lands in the area to the Abbey of Lindisfarne.
In 875 the monastery was again plundered by the Vikings; many members of the community were killed, and others dispersed. The convent continued until it was finally dissolved in 1536.
The Saxon cemetery has not yet been fully excavated, though 79 burials were uncovered during building work in 2002. It is likely to cover a large area and to contain many more buried monks.
Vacation in Jarrow
Jarrow is a town in North East England, situated on the River Tyne. The town has a wealth of history dating back to the AngloSaxon era and is mentioned in the Anglo Saxon Chronicle. Today, Jarrow is a popular tourist destination for its variety of attractions and activities.
There are a number of ways to explore Jarrow, including taking a leisurely stroll along the riverside, visiting one of the town’s museums or exploring its many churches. Jarrow is also home to a number of historic landmarks, such as Jarrow Hall, the site of the first recorded Viking raid in England.
For those looking for a more active vacation, Jarrow offers a number of walking and cycling routes. There are also a number of golf courses in the area, as well as a number of water sports facilities.
Whatever your interests, Jarrow has something to offer everyone. Whether you’re looking to explore the town’s rich history or simply to enjoy a relaxing break, Jarrow is the perfect destination.
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