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Sights in Hoyland Nether
Hoyland Nether is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley, South Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it is 4.5 miles (7.2 km) southeast of Barnsley, 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Penistone in the Dearne Valley and 1 mile (1.6 km) north of Brierley. It had a population of 5, 291 at the 2011 census.
The earliest record of Hoyland is from 1147 when it was spelt ‘Hoiland’. The name probably derives from the Old Norse ‘haugland’ meaning ‘mound land’.
The Domesday Book records that in 1066 Hoyland was the property of Earl Edwin, theSaxon Earl of Mercia, but it had passed into Norman hands by 1086.These were the Lords de Laval, who also owned Wentworth Castle.
Hoyland Augustinian Priory was founded in 1153.The monks came from Newenton in Lincolnshire, and the priory was built on land granted by Lord Nigel de Laval.
Thomas de Laval founded a hospital in 1227 for lepers which later became the almshouses known as Thomas Laval’s Chantry.
By the late 13th century Hoyland had become a thriving market town with a weekly market and an annual fair. The market cross, dated 1295, stands in the Market Place.
In the 14th and 15th centuries the town was defended against Scottish raiders by a wall and a ditch. Some parts of the earthworks can still be seen.
The town was badly affected by the Black Death in the mid 14th century.
During the Wars of the Roses, the town was visited by both armies. In March 1461, King Edward IV came to Hoyland on his way to victory at the Battle of Towton, and in 1464 Queen Margaret stayed overnight on her way to defeat at the Battle of Hexham.
The town is built on coal and ironstone and there have been mines here since medieval times. The last mine closed in the early 20th century.
The Waggonway, built in 1746, ran from the Elsecar colliery to the River Don at Wincobank, and was used to transport coal to Sheffield. A section of the track has been preserved and is open to the public.
There are many fine old buildings in Hoyland, including the parish church of All Saints, which dates from the 13th century, and the Manor House, which was built in 1636.
The town hall, a Victorian building in the Gothic style, was opened in 1868.
Hoyland Nether was one of the Drill Hall sites chosen in 1903. Plans were drawn up by Captain C. E. Diggle R.E. and a temporary hall was built to accommodate 400 men.
In September 1914 the 5th and 6th Battalions of the York and Lancaster Regiment were stationed at the Drill Hall.
Hoyland NetherNETHER HOYLAND GREYSTONES BARNSLEY SOUTH YORKSHIRE S75 3DA
History of Hoyland Nether
The city of Hoyland Nether is located in the county of South Yorkshire in England. The town is situated on the southeastern edge of the Peak District, and lies about 10 miles (16 km) east of Sheffield. The history of Hoyland Nether can be traced back to the early 12th century, when the area was first recorded in the Domesday Book. The name ‘Hoyland’, derived from the Old English ‘hoh’ meaning ‘spur of land’, referred to the hilly nature of the area. ‘Nether’, from the Old English ‘neder’, simply means ‘lower’.
The earliest settlement in the area was probably around the site of the presentday parish church of St. Peter. This Norman church was built in the 12th century, and was probably preceded by a smaller Saxon church on the same site. In the 13th century, a new village of Nether Hoyland began to develop around half a mile to the east of the parish church. This new village grew to become the main settlement in the area, and by the 14th century, it had surpassed the older village in size and importance.
By the 15th century, the town was an important market town, selling wool, corn and livestock. It was also home to a number of craft guilds, including those for weavers, dyers and fullers. The town’s prosperity continued into the 16th century, and in 1524, Henry VIII granted a charter of incorporation, giving the town the status of a borough. However, the town’s fortunes changed dramatically in the mid16th century, when the outbreak of the English Civil War led to its twice being occupied by Parliamentary forces.
After the war, the town slowly began to recover, but it was dealt another blow in 1648 when much of the town was destroyed by fire. The town grew again in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, thanks to the construction of the Sheffield to Rotherham turnpike road, which ran through the town. In 1792, the turnpike road was replaced by a new coaching road, and in 1838, the town was linked to the growing railway network when a station was built on the Sheffield to London line.
The 19th century was a period of great change for Hoyland Nether. In 1849, the township was extended to include the neighbouring townships of Elmswell, Wombwell and Staincross, and in 1866, the town was granted a new charter of incorporation, which gave it the status of a municipal borough. In 1897, the borough was extended once again, this time to include the townships of Darfield, Barnsley, Cudworth, Pilley and Worsbrough.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the town’s population stood at around 12,000, but it had more than doubled by the end of the century, largely as a result of the expansion of the coal mining and steel industries in the area. The town continued to grow in the first half of the 20th century, and by the 1960s, its population had reached over 35,000. However, the decline of the coal and steel industries in the 1970s and 1980s led to a sharp decline in the town’s fortunes, and its population fell to just over 20,000 by the early 1990s.
The 21st century has seen a resurgence in the town’s fortunes, thanks to inward investment and regeneration programmes. The population has begun to grow once again, and Hoyland Nether is now a thriving market town with a bright future.
Vacation in Hoyland Nether
Hoyland Nether is a small village in the south of England with a population of just over 1,000 people. Though it is small, Hoyland Nether offers a number of vacation possibilities for those looking to explore the English countryside.
The village is located in the heart of the stunning Yorkshire Dales, making it the perfect base for exploring this picturesque part of the country. There are numerous walking and hiking trails in the area, as well as opportunities for cycling, climbing, and horse riding.
For those who prefer to stay closer to the village, there are also a number of historic buildings and churches to explore, as well as a number of pubs and restaurants serving traditional English food.
Hoyland Nether is located just a short drive from the larger city of Leeds, making it easy to reach by car or public transport. There are also a number of bed and breakfasts in the village, as well as a holiday park just outside of town, making it the perfect place to stay for a relaxing vacation in England.
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