Effingham is located in the state of Illinois and has a lot of culture to offer as well as great sights and interesting destinations. So if you’re planning a trip to Effingham, you’ve come to the right place!
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Vacation in Effingham
Effingham, Illinois is home to many different vacation possibilities. For the outdoor enthusiasts, there are many different parks and recreation areas to explore including the Effingham City Park, or the nearby wildlife refuge. The city also boasts a number of different museums and historical sites, perfect for a day of learning and discovery. And for those who enjoy a more relaxed pace, Effingham offers a number of different shopping and dining options to enjoy. No matter what your vacation style, you’re sure to find something to love in Effingham, Illinois.
Sights in Effingham
Effingham, Illinois is a city in Effingham County, Illinois, United States. The population was 12,604 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Effingham County.
Effingham is located at 39°0′52″N 88°34′43″W / 39.01444°N 88.57861°W / 39.01444; 88.57861 (39.014459, 88.578693).
According to the 2010 census, Effingham has a total area of 10.037 square miles (26.00 km2), of which 9.74 square miles (25.20 km2) (or 96.92%) is land and 0.297 square miles (0.77 km2) (or 2.96%) is water.
Effingham lies on I57 and IL32, approximately 60 miles south of Springfield and 140 miles northeast of St. Louis.
The city is served by Effingham Memorial Airport (FAA LID: EFG), which is located on the southwest side of town.
The Effingham Armory, located on the north side of town, is home to the 766th Engineer Battalion, 252nd Combat Engineer Company, 1032nd Transportation Company, 133rd Signal Company, and Company B, 129th Infantry Regiment of the Illinois National Guard.
Effingham is home to MidContinental Airport, a general aviation facility located on the south side of town.
The city is also home to St. Anthony’s Memorial Hospital, one of the largest employers in the area.
The Effingham Performance Center, located downtown, is a 1,500seat multipurpose auditorium that hosts various performing arts events throughout the year.
Effingham is home to several parks, including lake Effingham, Clat Adams Bicentennial Park, Keller Park, Fries Park, and Washington Park. The city also has a 9hole golf course, an indoor swimming pool, and an outdoor water park.
The city is governed by a mayor and city council. The city council consists of eight members, each elected from one of the city’s four wards. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote.
The Effingham City Hall, located downtown, houses the offices of the mayor and city council, as well as the city clerk and treasurer. The Effingham Police Department and Effingham Fire Department are also located in the City Hall.
Effingham has a councilmanager form of government. The city council is responsible for setting policy and the city manager is responsible for carrying out the policies of the council.
Effingham is located in the Central Time Zone andObserves Daylight Saving Time.
The Effingham Public Library, located downtown, serves the city and surrounding area.
Effingham is home to a campus of Lake Land College, a community college located in Mattoon, Illinois.
The city is served by the Effingham School District 40, which consists of four elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school.
Effingham High School, located on the north side of town, serves students in grades 912.
The Effingham County Courthouse, located downtown, houses the offices of the county circuit court and the county clerk.
The Effingham City Cemetery, located on the north side of town, is the final resting place for many of the city’s early settlers, as well as veterans of the Civil War, World War I, World War II, and the Korean War.
History of Effingham
Effingham was first settled in 1814 and was named after Effingham Lawrence, who donated the land for the town. The first Effingham courthouse was built in 1816. The town grew slowly but steadily, and by 1858 it had a population of about 600. It was around this time that the arrival of the railroad brought new industry and prosperity to Effingham.
The Civil War had little direct impact on Effingham, but the years following the war were difficult ones. The railroad bypassed Effingham in favor of a new route through nearby Teutopolis, and the town’s population began to decline. In 1887, a devastating fire destroyed much of the downtown area.
Despite these setbacks, Effingham remained an important regional center. The Effingham County Fair, first held in 1858, is still held every year and is one of the oldest and largest county fairs in Illinois. The St. Anthony’s Hospital, founded in 1885, is the oldest hospital in Effingham County.
Today, Effingham is a thriving community with a population of over 12,000. It is the county seat of Effingham County and the home of Effingham High School, a successful sports and academic institution. The city is also home to several manufacturing companies, including Caterpillar, Archer Daniels Midland, and Aisin. Effingham is truly a city with a rich history and a bright future.
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