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Sights in Dukinfield
Dukinfield is a town in Greater Manchester, England, on the Tame side of the Mersey River, opposite Stockport. It lies to the southeast of AshtonunderLyne, within the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside. The population of the town was 19,306 at the 2011 census.
Dukinfield was recorded in the Domesday Book as Duckenfeld and Duckenfelde. The name is derived from the Old English dūce (a feminine form of dūc, meaning “duke” or “leader”) and feld (an open area of land).
The Earl of Chester gave the lands of Duckinfield to Hamon de Masci in the 11th century. In 1205, de Masci gave the Lordship of Duckinfield to his son, William de Duckinfield. William’s grandson, William le Boteler, was created Baron Warrington in 1295.
Duckinfield Hall, the seat of the Barons Warrington, was built in the 15th century. It was rebuilt in 1620 by Sir Edward Mosley, who also built nearby Dukinfield Lodge. The Hall was demolished in 1927.
During the Industrial Revolution, Duckinfield was one of the first places where cotton spinning took place. There were also coal mines in the town.
The St. James’ Church, Duckinfield was built in 1839.
Duckinfield is twinned with the French town of Aubusson.
History of Dukinfield
The earliest evidence of human activity in the region now known as Dukinfield is derived from a Mesolithic flint arrowhead found in 1948. This discovery, combined with similar finds in neighbouring areas, provides proof that the area was inhabited by huntergatherers around 10,000 BC, although there is no specific evidence of a settlement during this period.
In the late Neolithic period (c. 40002500 BC), the construction of the Brittonice Ringwork, a large circular earthwork enclosure, began on the site now occupied by Dukinfield Hall. This suggests that the area was inhabited by a relatively large and organised community during this time.
The first definite evidence for settlement in the Dukinfield area comes from the early Bronze Age (c. 2500800 BC). A small farmstead was discovered during excavations in 1980, and a number of Bronze Age burial mounds are still visible in the local landscape.
The Iron Age (c. 800 BC43 AD) was a period of significant social and economic change in Britain, and the Dukinfield area is known to have been occupied by the Celtic tribe of the Brigantes. A number of Iron Age hillforts were constructed in the area, including Castle Hillfort, situated just to the south of the presentday town.
The Roman conquest of Britain began in43 AD, and the area now known as Dukinfield would have been on the northern frontier of the Roman Empire. Although there is no evidence of a Roman settlement in the immediate area, it is known that a Roman road ran through the neighbouring town of AshtonunderLyne, and it is likely that the area was at least partially under Roman control.
The Roman period came to an end in the 5th century AD, and Britain was once again inhabited by the indigenous Britons, now known as the AngloSaxons. The town of Dukinfield is first mentioned in the AngloSaxon Chronicle in the year 923, when it was recorded as Ducanfeld, meaning “open land belonging to a man named Ducan”.
The AngloSaxon period came to an end in 1066 with the Norman Conquest. The town of Dukinfield was given to one of William the Conqueror’s knights, Roger de Busli, and it is likely that a motteandbailey castle was built in the town at this time.
The medieval period was a time of great change for Dukinfield. In 1278 the town was granted a charter by Edward I, giving it the right to hold a weekly market and an annual fair. The market allowed the town to develop into a prosperous commercial centre, and by the 14th century Dukinfield was one of the largest and most important towns in the region.
The importance of the town declined in the following centuries, and by the early 20th century Dukinfield was a small, quiet market town. However, the coming of the Industrial Revolution brought new opportunities to the area, and in the 19th century Dukinfield became an important centre for the textile and coal mining industries.
The 20th century saw further changes in the town, as the decline of the traditional industries led to a rise in unemployment and poverty. However, in recent years Dukinfield has undergone a regeneration, and today it is a thriving and vibrant community.
Vacation in Dukinfield
Dukinfield is a town in Greater Manchester, England, on the border with Derbyshire. Historically part of Cheshire, it lies on the south bank of the River Tame, in the valley between Stalybridge and Hyde. Dukinfield is 8 miles east of Manchester and 4 miles west of Glossop.
At the 2011 Census, Dukinfield had a population of 19,306.
Dukinfield was first recorded in 1187 as Duchenfeld, from Old English meaning “Duke’s open land”. The land belonged to the fee of William the Conqueror and was given to the Earl of Chester.
Dukinfield Hall was the seat of the Booth family, who were major landowners in the area. The hall was demolished in the early 20th century, but some outbuildings remain.
Dukinfield Park, which contains the hall’s former grounds, is a public park.
Dukinfield Cemetery, opened in 1854, includes a Chapel of Ease. The cemetery contains the war graves of 12 Commonwealth service personnel of World War I and 10 of World War II.
The Dukinfield War Memorial, on Stamford Street, was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and unveiled in 1921. It commemorates 95 local servicemen who died in World War I and 24 in World War II.
Dukinfield is twinned with Witten, Germany.
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