Besides great sights, an interesting history and many exciting destinations, Aylesbury has a lot more to offer. Here you will find many helpful tips to enjoy your vacation in Aylesbury.
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Sights in Aylesbury
Aylesbury is a historic market town in Buckinghamshire, England. The town is situated on the River Great Ouse, close to the Chiltern Hills. Aylesbury is the county town of Buckinghamshire and was historically the county town of Aylesbury Vale district. The town name is derived from the Old English Ēadweardesburh, meaning “Fort of Eadweard” (referring to an 8th century Saxon ruler).
Today, Aylesbury is a bustling town with a population of over 75,000. It is a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from all over the world. The town centre is full of shops, cafes, restaurants and bars, as well as a wide variety of tourist attractions.
Some of the most popular tourist attractions in Aylesbury include:
The Waterside Theatre The theatre is situated on the banks of the River Great Ouse and hosts a variety of shows and events throughout the year.
Aylesbury Town Museum The museum offers a fascinating insight into the history of Aylesbury and the surrounding area.
Queens Park The park is a beautiful green space in the heart of Aylesbury and is perfect for a leisurely stroll or picnic on a summer’s day.
The Old Gaol Museum The museum is located in the former county gaol and tells the stories of the prisoners who were incarcerated there.
Artefacts from the Bronze and Iron Ages have been found in the town, indicating that Aylesbury was settled long before the Roman conquest of Britain in 43 AD. Roman coins and pottery have also been found, evidence of the town’s status as a thriving market town during the Roman period.
After the Romans left Britain, the town was conquered by the AngloSaxons and became known as ‘Aegelesbury’. In 942 AD, the town was besieged by the Vikings but was successfully defended by Lady Aethelflaeda, the daughter of King Alfred the Great.
During the medieval period, Aylesbury thrived as a market town and was granted a royal charter in 1247 by King Henry III. The charter allowed for a weekly market and an annual fair to be held in the town.
The medieval town centre was located around the Market Square, which is still the centre of the town today. The Market Square is home to the beautiful 15th century superblypreserved timberframed Old County Court building, which now houses the Aylesbury Town Museum.
St Mary’s Church is another medieval building of note, located just off the Market Square. The church dates back to the 13th century and contains a number of important monuments, including the grave of John Hampden, the famous Parliamentarian leader of the English Civil War.
Aylesbury was once an important coaching town, with six coaching inns located around the Market Square. Coaching inns were places where travellers could rest and refresh themselves and their horses before continuing their journey. The George & Dragon Inn, which dates back to 1483, is the only coaching inn to survive to the present day.
Aylesbury continued to prosper in the postmedieval period, with the linen and lace industries providing a boost to the local economy. The town was also home to a number of successful breweries, with hops grown in the nearby chalk downlands.
The Aylesbury Duck, a breed of domestic duck, was first bred in the town in the 19th century and quickly became popular with many restaurants in London.
The coming of the railways in the 19th century brought further prosperity to Aylesbury, with the town becoming an important junction on the London to Birmingham line.
The 20th century saw a boom in the population of Aylesbury, with many new housing estates being built to accommodate the growing population. The town also expanded geographically, absorbing the nearby villages of Fairford Leys and Stoke Mandeville.
Today, Aylesbury is a thriving town with a rich history and a bright future. The town centre is full of shops, cafes, restaurants and bars, as well as a wide variety of tourist attractions. So whether you’re looking to do some shopping, enjoy a bite to eat, or explore the town’s interesting past, Aylesbury has something for everyone.
History of Aylesbury
Aylesbury is a historic market town in Buckinghamshire, England. The town is situated on the River Great Ouse and at the edge of the Chiltern Hills. It is located around 60 miles northwest of London and 20 miles southeast of Oxford. Aylesbury has been the county town of Buckinghamshire since the county was created in 1535.
The history of Aylesbury can be traced back to the Iron Age when a settlement known as ‘Windmill Hill’ was established on the site of the present day town centre. The settlement was located within the territory of the Celtic tribe of the Catuvellauni and became an important trading centre in the 1st century AD.
Aylesbury was also the site of a Roman town, which was established around AD 50. The town was known as ‘Alamuntion’ and was located on the site of the present day Castle Street. Alamuntion was an important town in the Roman province of Britannia and was located on the main road between London and Chester.
The Roman town of Alamuntion was destroyed in the 5th century by the AngloSaxons. The town was then refounded by the Saxons around AD 600 and was known as ‘Aeglesbyrig’.
Aylesbury remained a small market town until the 13th century when it was granted a charter by King Henry III. The charter allowed for a weekly market and an annual fair to be held in the town.
In the 14th century, Aylesbury was affected by the Black Death. The town’s population declined sharply and the town’s economy was severely affected.
However, the town began to recover in the 15th century and became an important commercial centre. In 1450, the town was made a county town and in 1535 it became the administrative centre of Buckinghamshire.
Aylesbury continued to prosper in the 16th century and became a major centre for the wool trade. The townsfolk were granted a second charter by Queen Elizabeth I in 1589.
In the 17th century, Aylesbury was at the centre of the Civil War. The town was occupied by Parliamentary troops in 1642 and was the scene of a major battle in 1644.
The 18th century was a period of growth for Aylesbury. The town’s population increased and new industries, such as brewing and malting, were established.
Aylesbury prospered in the 19th century and became an important railway junction. The town’s population continued to grow and by the end of the century, Aylesbury had a population of over 17,000.
The 20th century was a period of change for Aylesbury. The town’s industries declined and the population began to decrease. However, in recent years, Aylesbury has undergone a regeneration and is now a thriving market town once again.
Vacation in Aylesbury
Aylesbury is a town located in England’s South East. The town has a long and varied history, dating back to the Bronze Age. Today, Aylesbury is a bustling town with a population of over 80,000 people. The town is located just a short drive from London, making it a great option for a day trip or a weekend getaway.
There are plenty of things to see and do in Aylesbury. For history buffs, there are a number of museums and historical sites to visit, including the Bucks County Museum, the Aylesbury Heritage Trail, and the Roald Dahl Children’s Gallery. If you’re looking for some outdoor activities, Aylesbury is home to a number of parks and green spaces, perfect for a picnic or a game of frisbee. For shoppers, there are a number of high street stores, as well as independent boutiques. And for foodies, there are plenty of places to eat, drink, and be merry, from traditional pubs to Michelinstarred restaurants.
Whether you’re looking for a leisurely vacation or a actionpacked getaway, Aylesbury is the perfect destination. So what are you waiting for? Start planning your trip today!
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